20 June 2011
First to Third
Guillermo Samperio uses many different narrative techniques in writing his short story, “She Lived in a Story”. The narration and point of view is constantly changing. At times the story is confusing to understand who is telling the story. Samperio switches between homodigetic and heterodiegetic narration throughout the whole tale. A homodigetic narrative is when a “story is told by a (homodigetic) narrator who is also one of story’s acting characters.” (Jahn, N1. 10) At points in the story one of the characters is telling the story. Samperio also writes using heterodiegetic narration. This narration is a story that “is told by a (heterodiegetic) narrator who is not present as a character in the story.” (Jahn, N1. 10) Simply speaking a homodiegetic narrative is a first person narration while heterodigetic narrative is in the third person. This can change the whole mood and tone of the story. Depending on who is speaking the reader gets a different perspective on what is going on. Samperio’s story starts off using heterodigetic narration; “During the evening hours, the winter Guillermo Segovia gave a lecture at the Preparatory Academy of Iztapalapa.” (Samperio, 54) It begins in the third person talking generally about what has happened during the day. Later in the story the narration changes to first person. When there is dialogue happening within the text it is first person, homodiegetic. The story is also in the present tense when people are communicating. At points in the story Guillermo is the narrator and at other times Ofelia is the narrator. Ofelia is a made up character by Guillermo, which means she has limited abilities. She is a creation of someone else, Guillermo Segovia; which is a creation by Guillermo Samperio. Heterodigetic and homodiegetic narration can help move the story or novel along. Always changing the narration can help the reader understand different point of views of all the characters. Samperio seems to like changing the narrator; it is a great technique for an author to use in their writing. It keeps the audience’s attention because they have to think about who is speaking and what is going on. Throughout this piece Samperio switches between heterodigetic and homodiegetic narration.
Gibbons, Reginald., ed. New Writing from Mexico. Evanston, IL: TriQuarterly Northwestern University, 1992. Print.
Jahn, Manfred. “Narratology: A Guide to the Theory of Narrative.” 28 May 2005. Web. 10 June 2011. http://www.uni-koeln.de/~ame02/pppn.htm.